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Encyclopedia: Scripting Terminology

The scripting language is a programming language that allows certain control of a single or many software application(s). Programs written with a "scripting language" are usually command-based and interpreted (not compiled), which is the reason for most of them being typically slower than programs created with C, C++. Scripting languages usually follow specific syntax and rules. Furthermore, scripting languages are text-based and most of them are open source projects. They have large supporting communities and are very popular and widely preferred in Web page creation and administration. Web developers and server administrators also commonly use them in Web-related projects.


PHP is an open-source programming language, especially suited for creating dynamic web pages. With its ability to be easily embedded in HTML code and connected to MySQL and PostgreSQL, PHP forms currently the basis of many popular web applications.

PHP4 features

PHP 4 is the first PHP version powered by the Zend Engine. PHP 4 also provides an optimized scripting-engine and is presently the most popular and widely utilized PHP version.

PHP5 overview

Compared to the previous PHP 4 version, PHP 5 provides the users with more powerful object-oriented programming features. PHP 5 is also equipped with more stable and fast scripting engine and embedded support for the latest MySQL clients protocol and XML.

PHP 4 and PHP 5 Comparison

When PHP5 was released, it was a significant improvement over the previous version, PHP4. In this article, we will look over the improvements PHP 5 introduced and how they differ from the established PHP4.

PHP 6 Preview

It has been nearly 2 years after the release of PHP 5 and we already have PHP 6 knocking on the door. The new version of the popular programming language promises to break away from all the deprecated standards and to build on the improvements, introduced in PHP5.

PHP string

The string variable is used for storing and manipulating text in PHP. There are three different ways to set a PHP string – using single quotes, using double quotes, or using the heredoc method.


PHP is an HTML-embedded server-side scripting language which allows PHP code to be easily incorporated in an HTML script using simple PHP tags.

PHP Website

The FTP download capability refers mainly to the transfer of certain multi-media files from the Internet to users' personal computers with the help of specialized FTP software programs.

ionCube Loader

The ionCube PHP Encoder is an application which protects PHP 4 and PHP 5 files from stealth and unauthorized modification. In order to run ionCube encoded files, you need to use a server that has ionCube Loader support.


Gaining authorized access to a certain host server is made easy through a special FTP Manager tool for setting up and managing multiple independent FTP accounts for one and the same FTP server.

GD Library

GD is an open source library, embedded in PHP, which enables users to create, resize, edit and modify images dynamically on the server. Using GD library users can easily create thumbnails, charts and graphics.

PHP Script

A PHP script can be created with a simple text editing software. In order to work properly, the PHP code needs to be inserted within specific tags, or saved as a separate .php file.

PHP's XML Parser

XML provides an easy-to-use and standardized way to store self-describing data (self-describing data is data that describes both its content and its structure). This markup language can be easily integrated in PHP using the PHP's XML Parser extension.

PHP.INI - Configuration File

The php.ini is the main configuration file for all PHP versions. By using the custom php.ini file, customers are able to customize the PHP interpreter's settings for their web hosting accounts.


Perl is a popular programming language which has exceptional text processing features. As an open source product, Perl also provides a 1000 of modules and free scripts supported by its large community of developers.

Perl Modules

The modules in Perl are compiled with Perl's interpreter and allow customers to use external libraries of code. Due to this Perl ability, a single file can contain common routines used by several applications.

Over 3400 Perl Modules

Perl modules represent widely popular web modules for extending the functionalities of the Perl programming language. They are developed by the ever extending community of Perl users.

Perl Script

In order to create a simple script in Perl you need just a basic text editing program. In order to be recognized as a Perl script your file needs to have a .pl extension and contain the path to the Perl interpreter in the first line of the script.


Python is a scripting language which has elegant syntax and offers powerful object-oriented programming features. Python can be easily integrated with different SDK's and allows creation of many programs for different types of platform.


The string represents a specific data container that stores any type of information manipulated by the majority of programming languages out there.


Scripts are a key part of the website development process. They are widely used on the web to define websites' behaviour in response to certain click requests sent by the visitor. Other popular use of scripts is for the automation of various tasks on a local computer.


Variables do miracles in computer programming, empowering developers to quickly create various simple and complex programs that tell the computer to behave in a pre-defined fashion. Each variable has a name and a data type, indicating what type of changeable value it represents.


In the context of computing, echo represents a command used by operating systems to place a string on the computer terminal. Such systems are Microsoft Windows, DOS, OS/2, Unix and all UNIX-related operating systems.


As far as website development is concerned, the table serves two basic purposes – to better organize the contents of a webpage and to hold the information stored in databases.


As one of the basic building units of HTML and database tables, the row represents the horizontal line of cells that hold information inputs, related to one and the same object.


As one of the basic building units of HTML and database tables, the column represents the vertical line of cells that define the type of data stored in the table.


The background property typical of HTML elements is used to set certain style characteristics for the background areas of a web page.